membership
While accurate figures are hard to come by, the number of homless veterans is about 1 in 3.
Sources vary in their figures, even the VA is not sure. One claim is 299,000 on any given night
and 400,00 during the year. And 30 percent of the homeless veterans are from the Cold War and Vietnam.

Since most of the veterans from this era are older the numbers are bound to increase as compaines "down size" and more of these people will lose their jobs.

Here are some figures from Stand Down, an organization dedicated to helping homless vets.
------
Approximately 1/3 of homeless adults (one out of every three) in this country are veterans, yet veterans represent only 11% of the civilian population. On any given night 154,000 - 300,000 veterans are homeless. Based on various estimates, 500,000 - 840,000 veterans are homeless at some time during the year. In 2008, 44% of people surveyed reported being homeless for thefirst time. This number was 37% in 2007. According to the Department of Veterans Affairs the number of homeless Vietnam era veterans exceeds the number of fatalities that occurred during the war.
According to recent studies, Florida ranks third in the nation in the number of homeless people, yet has one of the highest numbers of homeless veterans.The Florida Department of Children & Families determined that 17.3-18.4%of Florida's homeless are veterans & the National Coalition for Homeless Veterans (NCHV) reported the number to be 19,394. In 2005, roughly 3,000 new homeless vets were enrolled into Florida DVA homeless programs. In 2008, the number of homeless vets in Florida on any given night was 19,000 according to local homeless coalitions.
Homeless Veterans - Specifics
Males account for 97-98% of the homeless veteran population
56% are African American or Hispanic
76% experience alcohol, drug, or mental health problems (inc PTSD)
45% suffer from mental illness
50% have substance abuse problems
More than 67% served our country for at least three years
33% were stationed in a war zone
47% of homeless veterans served during the Vietnam Era
17% served after the Vietnam era
15% served before Vietnam Many of our homeless veterans served in WW II, Korean War, Cold War,Vietnam War, Grenada, Panama, Lebanon, Operation Iraqi Freedom, Operation Enduring Freedom, Desert Storm & the military's anti-drug cultivation efforts in South America.
Comparison to Non-Veteran Homeless
Homeless vets tend to be older - 46% are age 45 or older compared to 20% of non-veterans
Homeless vets are more educated - 85% completed High School or have a GED compared to 56% of non-veterans
46% are white males compared to 34% of non-veterans
Why They Are Homeless
Veterans become homeless for the same reasons non-veterans become homeless, including due to the rising foreclosure and unemployment rates, as well as due to veteran specific issues.
Severe shortage of affordable housing, livable income, & access to health care
Drug and alcohol abuse problems
Physical and mental illness
Combat related physical & mental illnesses (e.g., PTSD)
Reduction in educational benefits
Lack of adequate family and social support OIF/OEF Veterans
300 vets who returned from serving in Iraq (OIF or Operation Iraqi Freedom) & Afghanistan (OEF or Operation Enduring Freedom) sought assistance for homelessness between 2004 & 2006. In May 2008 U.S. Medicine reported that at least 1,500 veterans of OEF/OIF are homeless & many expect this number to continue to rise. The NCHV's Iraq Veteran Project reported that OIF/OEF vets are in serious danger for homelessness & chronic homelessness. One source reported that in 2007 the DVA had identified over 1,000 OIF/OEF returnees as at risk for homelessness. The Iraq Veteran Project had also found that OIF/OEF veterans are becoming homeless sooner after their return from combat than seen in previous wars. In addition to the veteran homelessness risk factors noted above,the researchers identified the following reasons for this.
Extended deployment and/or repeated deployment
Unemployment - there are three-times as many (15%) unemployed OIF/OEF veterans ages 20-24* than there are nationally (5%)
Familial disruption - around 40% of OIF/OEF veterans are from the National Guard & Reserve & these families have less access to support than families of regular service members In March 2009 the overall unemployment rate for OIF & OEF veterans 18 and older was 11.2% (one in nine are jobless) vs 8.8% for non vets in the same age group.* 15% of OIF/OEF vets ages 20-24 were unemployed in March 2009 as well
--------------
The number of homeless veterans from the Iraq/Afghanistan era are growing and some
sources believe that as men and women return from the conflicts the ranks of homeless will
swell tremendously.

There is an increasing threat to the safety of the homeless. The number of violent crimes against the homeless that have been reported* has risen drastically in the past few years. A 2006 study by the National Coalition for the Homeless found 142 violent crimes (including 20 fatal attacks) committed upon the homeless in the US. This number demonstrates a 65% increase from the number of violent attacks in the previous year and a 170% increase from their findings five years ago. The crimes documented included rape, stabbing, battery, and being set on fire. The fact that in a significant number of cases, the crimes were committed by teens and young adults, for no apparent reason other than boredom, is troubling.

Information SitesSome of the above material comes from:Circle of Friends for American VeteransFlorida Department of Children & Families Office on HomelessnessFlorida Department of Veterans AffairsNational Coalition for Homeless VeteransNational Coalition for the HomelessUnited States Department of Veterans AffairsU.S. Medicine

Something must be done to help all the homless in our nation. No man women or child deserves to be homeless. We must try to assist them all.

The men and women who wore military uniforms deserve better treatment from our government. Again, promises made should be promises kept. Do the right thing for our veterans.





War or conflict Date Deaths Wounded Total dead
and wounded
Missing Sources/
notes
combat other total









World War II 1941–1945 291,557 113,842 405,399 670,846 1,076,245 30,314 [2]See Note CA below
China {Cold War} 1945-1947 13

43 56
[5]
Berlin Blockade 1948-1949
31



[6]
Korean War 1950–1953 30,880 2806 36,516 92,134 128,650 4,759 Note: 4,759 MIA-See Note D below
Russia {Cold War} 1950-1955 32

12 44
[5]
China {Cold War} 1956 16


16
[5]
Bay of Pigs Invasion 1961 4


4
[7]
Vietnam War 1957–1973 47,424 10,785 58,209 153,303 211,454 2,489 [2][8]
Invasion of Dominican Republic 1965-1966 13

200 213
[5][9]
El Salvador Civil War 1980–1992 9
20 35

[citation needed]
Beirut deployment 1982–1984 256
266 169

[10]
Persian Gulf escorts 1987–1988 39 0 39 31

[citation needed]
Invasion of Grenada 1983 18 1 19 119

[10]
Invasion of Panama 1989 23
40 324

[10]
Gulf War 1990–1991 149 151 300 467
0[11] [2]
Somalia 1992–1993 29 14 43 153

[10]
Haiti 1994–1995 1
4 3

[10]
Bosnia-Herzegovina 1995-2004 1
12 6

[12]
Kosovo 1999 1 19 20 2+ 22+ 0 [13]
Afghanistan* 2001–present 532 224 756 2,379 3,125
[14]
Iraq War 2003–present 3,788 540 4,328 46,132 50,460 1 [5][6] [15]


This list contains many terrorist attacks that were not included in previous lists. This is US Navy and Marines.

So a little more to disprove the old and untrue utterance issued by many "Not A Shot Was Fired/No Lives Were Lost. 

                                          
                                        US Navy     US Marines
                                       KIA   WIA      KIA    WIA
1st Marines reconnaissance
patrol fired on by 40-50
Chinese communist guerillas
northwest of Tientsin, China,
6 Oct. 1945                        0       0        0       3

7th Marines jeep patrol fired
on by Chinese communist snipers
near Tangshan, China
19 Oct 1945                        0       0        0       2

Ambush of 5th Marines jeep patrol
by Chinese communist snipers
outside of Peiping, China
26 Oct 1945                        0       0        0       1

Two marines hunting near 7th
Marines railroad outpost shot by
two Chinese west of Anshan, China,
4 Dec 1945                         0       0        1       1

One marine attacked while on
liberty in Tientsin, China,
9 Dec 1945                         0       0        0       1

Two 7th Marines supply trucks
ambushed by Chinese communist
guerillas near Tangshan, China,
15 Jan 1946                        0       0        0       2

Marine hunting party attacked by
irregular forces in the vicinity
of Lutai, China, 7 Apr 1946        0       0        1       0

5th Marines bridge guards attacked
by Chinese communists firing
mortars, near Tangku, China,
5 May 1946                         0       0        0       1

7th Marines sentry attacked by
guerillas in Lutai, China,
7 May 1946                         0       0        0       1

1st Marines reconnaissance patrol
ambushed by 50-75 armed Chinese
in village 10 miles south of
Tientsin, China, 21 May 1946       0       0        1       1

Marine sentry attacked in Tangku,
China, 2 Jul 1946                  0       0        0       1

Supply convoy, protected by 11th
Marines detachment, ambushed by
Chinese communist forces at Anping,
China, 29 July 1946                0       0        4      11
   
Chinese communist raid on 1st
Marine Division ammunition supply
point at Hsin Ho, northwest of
Tangku, China 3 Oct 1946           0       0        0       1

Two Chinese communist companies
about 350 men, attack 1st Marine
Division ammunition supply point
at Hsin Ho, northwest of Tangku,
China, 4-5 Apr 1947                0       0        5      17
    
Marine hunting party ambushed
by Chinese communists outside
of Tientsin, China,
25 Dec. 1947                       0       0        1       0

PB4Y2 from VP-26, Det A,
shot down by Soviet
aircraft, over Baltic Sea
off coast of Latvia,
8 Apr. 1950                       10       0        0       0 
            
Korean War, 25 Jun. 1950 -
31 Jan. 1955                     505   1,576    4,267  23,744 

P2V-3W from VP-6 shot down
by Soviet aircraft, over Sea
of Japan off Vladivostok,
Siberia, 6 Nov. 1951              10       0        0       0

PBM-5S2 from VP-731 attacked by
Chinese fighters over the
Yellow Sea, 31 Jul. 1952           2       2        0       0

P2V-5 from VP-22 shot down by
anti-aircraft fire near Swatow,
China, 18 Jan. 1953                9       0        0       0

P2V from VP-19 shot down
by Soviet aircraft, over Sea
of Japan near Siberian coast,
4 Sep. 1954                        1       0        0       0

P2V from VP-9 shot down
by Soviet aircraft, St. Lawrence
Island in the Bering Sea,
22 Jun. 1955                       0      10        0       0

P4M-1Q from VQ-1 shot down
by hostile aircraft near
Wenchow, China, 22 Aug. 1956      16       0        0       0

P4M-1Q from VQ-1 attacked by
North Korean fighters near the
Korean Demilitarized Zone,
over Sea of Japan, 16 Jun. 1959    0       1        0       0
   
Vietnam War, 4 Aug. 1964 -
27 Jan. 1973                   1,631   4,178   13,091  51,392 

Intervention in the
Dominican Republic,
28 Apr. 1965 - 21 Sep. 1966        1       0        9      25

USS Liberty, attacked by
Israeli forces in the
Eastern Mediterranean,
8 Jun. 1967                       31     168        2       1

LCDR Ernest A. Munro killed and
RMCS Harry L. Greene wounded by
communist terrorists, Guatemala,
16 Jan 1968                        1       1        0       0 

USS Pueblo, captured by
North Korean forces in the
Sea of Japan, 23 Jan. 1968         1       8        0       1
[All crew members, 79 Navy and 2
Marines, subsequently awarded the
purple heart for the period of
their captivity]

A-1H from VA-25 on a ferry flight
from the Philippines to an aircraft
carrier in the Tonkin Gulf shot
down by MIG interceptor after
accidently violating airspace of
Hainan Island, China
14 Feb. 1968                       1       0        0       0   

P3B from VP-26 on a coastal
surveillance photo-reconnaissance
mission, shot down, possibly by
a Cambodian naval vessel, crashing
in the Gulf of Thailand,
1 Apr. 1968                       12       0        0       0

Sailors from USS Independence and
accompanying destroyers injured by
students during anti-American
riots in Istanbul, Turkey,
16-23 Jul. 1968                    0      19        0       0

Sailors from USS Columbus and
accompanying destroyers injured by
students during anti-American
riots in Izmir, Turkey,
19-22 Dec. 1968                    0      14        0       0   

EC-121M from VQ-1 shot down
by North Korean aircraft over
the Sea of Japan, 14 Apr. 1969    30       0        1       0

Two UH-1Bs from HAL-3 Detachment
3 shot down in Svay Rieng
Province, Cambodia, by Cambodian
anti-aircraft fire, 28 Apr. 1969   4       4        0       0  

Seabee wounded and Marine
Security Guards killed and
wounded during Terrorist
attack on US Embassy softball
game,Phnom Penh, Cambodia,
26 Sep. 1971                       0       1        1       3

Marine Security Guard Sidney T.
James wounded during an attack
by a radical communist group,
U.S. Embassy, Manila,
Philippines, 1972                  0       0        0       1
   
LCDR Franklin G. West wounded by
North Korean forces, Panmunjun,
Korea, 3 Mar 1974                  0       1        0       0

CDR Robert M. Ballinger killed
by dynamite explosion during
investigation of tunnel built by
North Koreans in the southern
portion of the demilitarized
zone, Korea, 20 Nov 1974           1       0        0       0   
 
Seabees killed by gunfire during
terrorist ambush of jeep on
northeast edge of US Naval Base
at Subic Bay, Philippines,
3 Feb. 1975                        3       0        0       0

Two Marines from Marine Security
Detachment, Saigon, killed during
artillery attack while providing
security for Defense Attache
Office, at Tan Son Nhut Airport,
Saigon, Republic of Vietnam,
29 April 1975                      0       0        2       0

"Mayaguez Incident," battle with
Khmer Rouge forces, Koh Tang
Island, Cambodia, 14 May 1975      2       3       14      41

Sailor wounded during attack by
unidentified gunman against U.S.
Air Force Bus, 14 miles north of
Clark Air Bus, Philippines,
11 Dec. 1976                       0       1        0       0

LT Robert E. Nelson serving with
UN observers in the Lebanese
village of Maroun Al Ras wounded
during attack by Israeli Defense
Forces, night of 14-15 Mar 1978    0       1        0       0

U.S. Embassy Marine security
guard wounded, Kabul,
Afghanistan, 7 Aug 1978            0       0        0       1

U.S. Embassy Marine security
guard wounded, Beirut, Lebanon,
6 Oct 1978                         0       0        0       1    

SGT Garry Downey and SGT Kraus
wounded by Iranian guerillas during
attacks on U.S. Embassy, Tehran,
Iran, 11 and 14 Feb. 1979          0       0        0       2

Marine security guards injured
when leftist protesters attempted
to storm U.S. Embassy, San Salvador,
El Salvador, 30 Oct. 1979          0       0        0       2     

Marine Security Guard CPL
Steven Crowley killed by
sniper fire during attack by
mob on US Embassy, Islamabad,
Pakistan, 21 Nov. 1979             0       0        1       0

Puerto Rican nationalists armed
with automatic weapons ambushed
a Navy bus driving to Sabana Seca
Naval Communication Center near
San Juan, 3 Dec 1979               2      10        0       0

BMCM Sam Novello killed by
Turkish leftists at his home in
Istanbul, Turkey, 16 April 1980    1       0        0       0

Marines wounded in terrorist
attack, Costa Rica, 17 Mar 1981    0       0        0       3

Crewmen from USS Pensacola
(LSD-38) attacked by terrorists
in San Juan, Puerto Rico,
16 May 1982.                       1       3        0       0
  
U.S. Embassy Marine security
guard wounded, Beirut
Lebanon, 7 Jun 1982                0       0        0       1                     
   
Lebanon Peacekeeping,
25 Aug. 1982 - 26 Feb. 1984       19       8      234     151

Terrorist bombing of US
Embassy in Beirut, Lebanon.
Casualties included IS1 Daniel
J. Pellegrino and eight Marine
Security Guards, 18 Apr. 1983      0       1        1       7

Lieutenant Commander Albert A.
Schaufelberger killed by
terrorists, San Salvador,
El Salvador, 25 May 1983           1       0        0       0

CPL Guillermo Sanpedro killed
in terrorist attack, Cyprus,
23 Oct. 1983                       0       0        1       0

Operation Urgent Fury,
invasion of Grenada, West Indies
23 Oct.1983 - 21 Nov. 1983         4       1        3      15

Marine Barracks Bombing
by terrorists                              18                 220           US Army   3 Killed
60 others injured
23 Oct. 1983
Beirut, Lebanon

Capt. George Tsantes shot by
terrorists near Athens, Greece
15 Nov. 1983                       1       0        0       0

Lt. Mark A. Lang killed and LT
Robert O. Goodman wounded when
A-6 Intruder from VA-85 shot down
while attacking Syrian antiaircraft
batteries at Hammana, east of
Beirut, Lebanon, 4 Dec. 1983       1       1        0       0

Commander, Carrier Air Wing Six
(CVW-6) CDR Edward K. Andrews
flying an A-7 Corsair II, shot
down by aircraft fire, near
Beirut, Lebanon, 4 Dec 1983        0       1        0       0                       

LCPL Rudolfo Hernandez killed
in terrorist attack, Germany,
7 Feb. 1984                        0       0        1       0

HN Carl P. Englund wounded,
Beruit, Lebanon, 29 Feb 1984       0       1        0       0
   
PO1 Michael R. Wagner
assigned to Defense Attache
Office, killed; CEC Harvey L.
Whitaker and BU1 Stephen E.
Haycock and four Marine security
guards wounded in terrorist bombing
of US Embassy Annex, East Beirut,
Lebanon, 20 Sep. 1984              1       2        0       4
 
Seabee Steelworker 2nd Class
Robert Dean Stethem of Underwater
Construction Team ONE was killed
by terrorists in Athens, Greece,
on TWA Flight 847,
14 Jun. 1985                       1       0        0       0

Off-duty Marines assigned to
Marine Security Guard Detachment,
San Salvador, El Salvador,
killed by terrorists armed with
automatic weapons at a cafe in
the Zona Rosa district of San
Salvador, 19 June 1985             0       0        4       0

USS Stark struck by Iraqi
missiles, Persian Gulf,
17 May 1987                       37       5        0       0

Terrorist grenade attack on
USO club in Barcelona, Spain,
27 Dec. 1987                       1       5        0       0

Col. Rich Higgins, killed by
pro-Iranian terrorists. 
Captured on 17 Feb. 1988 in
Lebanon and declared dead on
6 Jul. 1990.                       0       0        1       0

USS Samuel B. Roberts struck
Iranian mine, Persian Gulf,
14 Apr. 1988                       0      10        0       0

Japanese Red Army terrorist
bombing of USO club in Naples,
Italy, 14 Apr. 1988                1       4        0       0

Loss of AH-1T helicopter during
operations against Iranian naval
forces, possibly to hostile
action, Persian Gulf,
18 Apr. 1988                       0       0        2       0

Capt. William E. Nordeen, 
Defense and Naval Attache,
killed by terrorist car bomb
in Kifissia, the suburb of
Athens, Greece,
28 Jun. 1988                       1       0        0       0

Loss of CH53D helicopter during
Operation Team Spirit 1989
South Korea                         0       0        19      0

Lt. Robert Paz,USMC shot and
witnesses, Navy LT and his wife,
beaten by Panamanian forces at
a road block in Panama City,
16 Dec. 1989                       0       1        1       0

Operation Just Cause, Panama,
20 - 24 Dec. 1989                  4       9        1       3

Persian Gulf War,
2 Aug. 1990 - 3 Mar. 1991          5      12       24      92 



bus attack in Honduras in 1990, around March of a U.S. Air Force bus by the Morzanist Liberation Front, a terrorist group operating out of Honduras then that ambushed the bus around the Soto Cano Air Base.  I was in country when that attack happened.  I was out of town on a bus enroute back to our ship on the Caribbean coast as we were conducting operations there with the Maritime Prepositioning ships. AHUA TARAS 1990.  I was boarded on by Honduras forces checking ID cards of the bus passangers and when the soldier walked on by and saw me, he didn't say or do anything, just went by me and didn't ask me for anything.  He must have known I was with the ships.  I later learned of the attack around the airfield south of where we were.  Something like 11 guys got shot up and two very seriously wounded. 

I have also mentioned about a helicopter crash of some Marines that were killed in Team Spirit excercise in 1989. Around 20 Marines killed.   I don't see either of these on any list you guys provide here.


HONDURAS

NAME: Morzanist Patriotic Front (FPM)

DATE STARTED/FIRST ACTIVE: Late 1980s

GOALS: Protest U.S. intervention in Honduran economic and political affairs.

MAIN ANTI-U.S. ACTIVITIES TO DATE: Mainly operates attacks on U.S. military personnel in Honduras. Bus bombing in 1990 wounded seven U.S. servicemen, and one in 1989 wounded three servicemen. Attacked U.S. convoy in 1989. Grenade attack in La Ceiba in 1989 wounded seven U.S. soldiers. Claimed bombing of Peace Corps office in 1988.

STRENGTH: Unknown, probably relatively small.

OPERATIONAL LOCATIONS: Honduras

AFFILIATIONS: Had ties to former government of Nicaragua and possibly Cuba.

Note.....I didnt know the name of the group until years later reading about it on the internet.



I saw this marker in TRUJILLO HONDURAS as I was walking up a hill to the local museum there.  The museum held artifacts from Spanish colonial days such as habiscus bullets, and rifles, swords ect.....and right there was a marker to memorialize the lost crew that crashed.


Date: January 22, 1985
Time: 09:35
Location: Off Puerto Castilla, Honduras
Operator: Military - U.S. Air Force
Flight #: ?
Route: Howard AFB - Trujillo AP
AC Type: Lockheed C-130A
Registration: 56-0501
cn / ln: 3109
Aboard: 21   (passengers:16  crew:5)
Fatalities: 21   (passengers:16  crew:5)
Ground: 0
Summary: Crashed into the Caribbean sea, 8 miles northwest of the airport where it was scheduled to land



Here is a partial list of post Korean War "Cold War Deaths". This list includes the helo crash in 1989. It was not listed as a terrorist attack or hostile death rather a "training" accident (if your in a combat zone how can this be non combat?). This is more of a "line of duty death" which, if you have been in Korea, is a combat death (whenever you have rounds in the chamber and are pointing your weapon system at the enemy, it is combat):

http://www.koreanwar-educator.org/topics/dmz/p_dmz_military_deaths_since_oct_1979.htm

While we are discussing terrorist stuff, I found a great resource on this as well but it doesn't start until 1987:

http://www.state.gov/m/ds/rls/rpt/19691.htm

It doesn't cover everything, for example in 1987 while I was in Korea a plane was hijacked and 100 plus civilians were killed. It was very sensitive at the time and is not in the report. Basically anything that hit the news is in this report, no news...no report (i.e. if it was classified you won't find it in here.

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